Installing Underfloor Heating Under Tiles
There are two main systems for heating under tile and stone floors
Let's start at the begining
The under tile heating mats and cable have a lifetime warranty provided the instructions are followed. So lets presume that you have just recieved your underfloor heating. The very first step is too take a resistance reading of your mats or cables with a multimeter and write that figure down on your warranty card at the back of your instructions. What this does is say to us that the heating system was working when it was recieved. And can give you the confidence to install the heating mat.
Installing under tile heating
1: The sub floor must be clean, sound and suitable for the chosen floor covering prior to laying the heating. We highly recommend the use of a suitable insulation layer over concrete sub floors.
3: Start the heating close to the thermostat location if possible. If this is impractical the cold tail can be easily extended with a suitable electrical wire. Slowly unroll the mat pealing the adhesive backing tape on the mat off as you proceed. The mat must be firmly pressed onto the floor making sure the heating element is not twisted or stressed at any point.
4: To turn the mat in any direction or return it back on itself the installer can cut through the mesh backing, (DO NOT CUT THE HEATING CABLE) to allow the mat to be redirected in any direction.
4a: Alternatively if the area to be covered is an irregular shape or an obstacle has to be avoided the heating cable can be detached from the mesh backing and laid loose. This will allow the cable to be laid in any direction and a suitable fixing tape can then be used to hold the cable in position ready for the subsequent floor covering to be installed over. When laying the heating cable loose a consistent spacing between cable runs must be maintained, (the same spacing as when attached to the mesh backing) to achieve an even heat output across the floor. It is important that cables are not laid to close together. A minimum of 50mm should be maintained between cable runs. If the heating cables get too close, touch or overlap at any point the cable may overheat.
4b:With the cable, before the cable is unrolled it must be tested for continuity and resistance. Mark this reading down on the back warranty page of this manual.
4c: Using the figures worked out in stage 2, the spacing’s between cable runs are worked out by:
5: Divide 1000 by the length (metres) of the heating cable.
5a: Multiply result A by the size of the area you are heating in m2. The final figure is the spacing in mm the cables should be spaced out at. Please note the figure should be somewhere between 50 – 80mm. This figure is a guide required to the final spacings to achieve the best coverage. The cable must NOT be cut or reduced in length. The spacings between cables are either increased to increase the heated area, or reduced to reduce the heated area. Only the black cold / connection ends can be reduced or lengthened if required.
6: Once the heating is fitted the electrical resistance and continuity test should be repeated and noted down on the warranty page. Make sure these readings are the same as the readings noted down during stage 2. The heating should also be tested after the flooring has been fitted. There is no limit to how much the cable can be tested but to complete the warranty the heating must be tested before it is laid, after being laid and after the floor covering has been installed. All figures must be accurately recorded.
7: The floor probe supplied with the thermostat should now be fitted. The probe must be installed between 2 heating wires but no more than 30mm away from one cable. Make sure when fitting the probe no other heating or cooling sources can influence the floor probe such as hot water pipes. Once the probe is fitted a resistance check should be carried out to confirm the probe is fully functional and the readings noted down on the warranty card.
8: If multiple mats are to be installed all mats can be connected together in parallel into a suitable junction box and then one suitable spur run to the thermostat location and left ready to be wired in.